Russian Civil War



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The White Army is formally beaten.

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Kolchak is executed by the Bolsheviks after being handed over by the Czech Legion.

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Kolchak is overthrown and is forced to resign.

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The Red Army captures Omsk.

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White forces reach the outskirts of Petrograd. Trotsky organizes a counterattack.

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Denikin's army reaches Orel, 300 km from Moscow.

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The Versailles Peace Conference commences. Here, the winners of WWI will decide how to deal with the losers of WWI, i.e. Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Turkey. Russia is not represented.

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The Kolchak Coup - Coup d'├ętat at Omsk. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak becomes the leader of the White Army.

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A new government is created, the Provisional All-Russian Government, based at Omsk.

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White forces and the Czech Legion come dangerously close to Yekaterinburg. Out of fear the former Tsar Nicholas II and his family might be liberated, the Bolsheviks think it too risky to keep the prisoners alive, so they are shot.

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The Czechoslovak Legion and the Socialist Revolutionaries form a government for the Volga, later known as the Komuch.

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Leon Trotsky, in his capacity of the commissar for war, orders the Czechoslovak Legion to surrender their arms. The Legion refuses and later takes control of the Trans-Siberian railroad.

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Kornilov is killed. New commander of the White Army is Anton Ivanovich Denikin.

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Trotsky resigns his post as Foreign Commissar and becomes the new War Commissar. Trotsky whips the bunch into shape and recruits many former Imperial Army officers.

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The Bolsheviks permit the Czechoslovak Legion to leave Russia via Vladivostok.

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Bolsheviks move the Russian capital to Moscow from Petrograd (St. Petersburg) for protection and better communications, as it is in the center of their territory.

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The Central Powers and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Russia renounced all territorial claims in Finland, the future Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), Belarus, and Ukraine.

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The Bolshevik government sends troops to disperse the Constituent Assembly.

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The Constituent Assembly gathers. Bolsheviks demand that authority be given to them, and when they are refused, walk out.